I never imagined writing to you about mosquitos. About integrated pest management. About chemicals so toxic that one part per million could make an entire drinking water source nonpotable.
But these intersecting issues have become central to my team’s work. They’re critical for protecting our environment, health and our ecosystems.
Last summer, Gov. Charlie Baker introduced a bill that would have allowed the state — upon making a determination that there was an elevated risk of mosquito-spread viruses — to conduct aerial spraying of insecticide anywhere, at any time, with no notice or opportunity to opt-out, forever.
The bill was sent to the Joint Committee on Public Health. As Senate chair of the committee, I rejected the bill as written. And my team and I, aided by a cadre of environmental scientists, took a deep dive into mosquitos, Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), West Nile virus, mitigation, and protection.
Here are five things to know about the bill that eventually passed into law last summer:
- If the Department of Public Health declares that there is an elevated risk of mosquito-related infection, they must post publicly the data that supports this declaration.
- Under that authority, the State Reclamation and Mosquito Control Board could conduct statewide work including public education, standing water drainage, ground larvicide application, and other preventative steps.
- The new law allows cities and towns to opt out entirely from pesticide spraying with an approved alternative mosquito management plan. Many communities in our district have applied to opt out individually or have joined a mosquito control district. Mosquito control districts lead work on mosquito prevention regionally, tailoring solutions that are appropriate to their member communities. I have advocated for opt-out guidelines and a clearer process, more time for towns to complete the application, and — currently — for the state to issue the final approvals.
- Before any spraying, there must be at least 48 hours advance notice to the public, including notice to local boards of health, property owners who have opted out of spraying, and farms, including beekeepers and certified organic farms.
- The fifth thing to know about the new law is that our current mosquito management system is a relic from the 1950s. That’s why we wrote a section into the law establishing a Mosquito Control for the Twenty-First Century Task Force, charged with producing urgently needed, new legislation to overhaul the way our commonwealth does this work permanently.
The task force includes scientific experts and representatives from organizations concerned with land conservation, river protection, wildlife protection, organic agriculture and pollinators. Our team remains active on this task force and all meetings are open to the public.
Our central question is: How do we transform the ways that we prevent mosquito-borne illnesses with the well-being of our environment as the top goal? You can engage with the task force (and it needs your engagement) via the following link: mass.gov/orgs/mosquito-control-for-the-twenty-first-century-task-force.
No one should take EEE or West Nile lightly. Nor can we ignore the impact of aerial spraying which is harmful to humans and toxic to bees and aquatic life. But it’s even worse than that. The state uses a pesticide called Anvil 10+10. Last year, after we opposed the governor’s bill, we learned that the Anvil pesticide contained highly toxic PFAS chemicals, a class of “forever chemicals” that accumulate in our bodies and never break down, which had leached from PFAS-coated barrels.
PFAS chemicals are linked to an array of health problems, including kidney and testicular cancer, high blood pressure, thyroid disease and immunosuppression. That’s why I called for a moratorium on the use of Anvil in the state. The Anvil manufacturer is subsequently transitioning to new containers and has noted that PFAS-tainted Anvil shouldn’t be used — cold comfort for places like southeastern Massachusetts which has been the focus of EEE-related spraying.
Anvil 10+10 isn’t the only chemical that has me worried. Another group of pesticides called “neonicotinoids” also pose danger to our environment, health, and especially pollinators. That’s why I’ve cosponsored S.528, a bill that would protect pollinators by eliminating harmful products. This bill prioritizes public health and phases out the use of these harmful compounds. I’m also supporting S. 574, a bill governing the use of glyphosate on public lands. Glyphosate is a toxic chemical that is an active ingredient in many herbicides, including Roundup. This bill would end the use of glyphosate-based herbicides on the commonwealth’s public lands without a special permit.
This week I chaired a public health hearing on the intersection of human health and the health of our environment. One bill on the docket was S.1387, which would restrict toxic PFAS chemicals in consumer products, a sweeping bill I filed to ban the sale of products containing PFAS, including child car seats, cosmetics, cookware, upholstered furniture, rugs and carpets if they contain PFAS.
The fight to rid our environment of toxic chemicals like PFAS must be as passionately led as the movement for green energy. We must demand the resources we need to make a complete transition.
To spur this on, together with Congressman Jim McGovern, Clean Water Action, and MASSPIRG, I’m hosting a forum for constituents on July 14 to build public awareness about the threat of PFAS — awareness that I hope will lead to widespread, sustained public action.
Sign up here for more information: http://bit.ly/PFAS_signup.
State Sen. Jo Comerford represents 160,000 people living in 24 cities and towns in the Hampshire, Franklin, Worcester district in the Massachusetts Legislature.